graduate school meaning

Graduate definition, a person who has received a degree or diploma on completing a course of study, as in a university, college, or school. When you graduate from high school, you become a high school graduate and congratulations are in order. Though there is substantial variation among universities, departments, and individuals, humanities and social science doctorates on average take somewhat longer to complete than natural science doctorates. However, increasingly many disciplines, including most humanities, set their requirements for coursework, languages, and the expected extent of dissertation research by the assumption that students will take five years minimum or six to seven years on average; competition for jobs within these fields also raises expectations on the length and quality of dissertations considerably. A graduate school (sometimes shortened to grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (e.g., master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree. A person who is recognized by a university as having completed the requirements of a degree studied at the institution. [7][8] During the current COVID-19 pandemic, the GRE exam has moved to an online format, and some programs are waiving the GRE, arguing the new format is unfair or too difficult for test-takers. Many universities award graduate degrees; a graduate school is not necessarily a separate institution. See 2 authoritative translations of Graduate school in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. etc.). The increase in length of the degree is a matter of great concern for both students and universities, though there is much disagreement on potential solutions to this problem. The state of Michigan leads in terms of progressive policy regarding graduate student unions with five universities recognizing graduate employee unions: Central Michigan University, Michigan State University, the University of Michigan, Wayne State University, and Western Michigan University. graduate school - a school in a university offering study leading to degrees beyond the bachelor's degree grad school school - an educational institution; "the school was founded in 1900" Many universities require a personal statement (sometimes called Statement of purpose or Letter of Intent), which may include indications of the intended area(s) of research;[8] how detailed this statement is or whether it is possible to change one's focus of research depends strongly on the discipline and department to which the student is applying. [13], At most institutions, decisions regarding admission are not made by the institution itself but the department to which the student is applying. Some faculties require candidates to defend their thesis, but many do not. Some institutions[which?] Graduate students often declare their intended degree (master's or doctorate) in their applications. A2 US (informal grad) a person who has finished their school, college, or university education: high-school graduates. Various universities in Canada have different policies in terms of how much funding is available. a school, usu. Additionally, in North America, the term does not usually refer to medical school (whose students are called "medical students"), and only occasionally refers to law school or business school; these are often collectively termed professional schools. What does graduate expression mean? Admission to a doctoral program requires a master's degree, both research-oriented and disciplinary focused. While all graduate employees are graduate students, many graduate students are not employees. However, many US master's degree programs do not require a master's thesis, focusing instead primarily on coursework or on "practicals" or "workshops". Private universities, however, are covered under the National Labor Relations Act rather than state labor laws and until 2001 there were no recognized unions at private universities. In exceptional cases, a student holding an honours BA with sufficiently high grades and proven writing and research abilities may be admitted directly to a Ph.D. program without the requirement to first complete a master's. An institution of higher learning, usually a division of a university, that grants master's degrees or doctorates or both. Doctoral degrees require a minimum of two years but frequently take much longer, although not usually exceeding six years. Earnings and Unemployment Rates by Educational Attainment - Bureau of Labor Statistics a division of a university, offering courses leading to degrees beyond the bachelor's degree. For example, lawyers get JDs, and doctors get MDs. Master's candidates undertaking research are typically required to complete a thesis comprising some original research and ranging from seventy to two-hundred pages. For the next several years the doctoral candidate primarily performs his or her research. Many Canadian graduate programs allow students who start in a master's to "reclassify" into a Ph.D. program after satisfactory performance in the first year, bypassing the master's degree. In Canada, the Schools and Faculties of Graduate Studies are represented by the Canadian Association of Graduate Studies (CAGS) or Association canadienne pour les études supérieures (ACES). Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Vertalingen van 'graduate school' in het gratis Engels-Nederlands woordenboek en vele andere Nederlandse vertalingen. They are thematically much broader than the focused Graduiertenkollegs and consist often of 100-200 doctoral students. a graduate of Yale. See more. Students must usually declare their research goal or submit a research proposal upon entering graduate school; in the case of master's degrees, there will be some flexibility (that is, one is not held to one's research proposal, although major changes, for example from premodern to modern history, are discouraged). Science PhD students can apply for individual NRSA fellowships from the NIH or fellowships from private foundations. Departments often have funds for limited discretionary funding to supplement minor expenses such as research trips and travel to conferences. Master's degrees can be completed in one year but normally take at least two; they typically may not exceed five years. Information and translations of Graduate School in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. What does graduate school mean? Private universities' administrations often oppose their graduate students when they try to form unions, arguing that students should be exempt from labor laws intended for "employees". [7] In some departments, a comprehensive examination is often required in the first year of doctoral study, and is designed to test a student's background undergraduate-level knowledge. The terms of these stipends vary greatly, and may consist of a scholarship or fellowship, followed by teaching responsibilities. B2 … For Masters students, funding is generally available to first-year students whose transcripts reflect exceptionally high grades; this funding can also be obtained in the second year of studies. graduate school definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, graduate school meaning explained, see also 'graduate student',graduated',gradual',graduation', English vocabulary At some elite universities, there may be a minimum stipend established for all Ph.D. students, as well as a tuition waiver. The écoles doctorales ("Doctoral schools") are educational structures similar in focus to graduate schools, but restricted at PhD level. ‘Kennedy went on to college, graduate school, and law school, and today is an advocate for the civil rights of people with disabilities.’ ‘He enrolled at an international graduate school and studied with students from all over the world.’ However, time required to complete a doctorate also varies according to the candidate's abilities and choice of research. Graduate school admission: 3.0-3.3 GPA minimum Undergraduate school admission: 3.0 GPA average for large selection of school choices, and 3.75 minimum for Ivy League and Top 10 schools Vocational/Occupational 2-year degrees: 2.0 GPA minimum References. (US, Canada) A person who is recognized by a high school… When negotiations fail, graduate employee unions sometimes go on strike. In many countries graduate employees have collectively organized labor unions in order to bargain a contract with their university. [6] Some programs require other additional standardised tests (such as the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) and Graduate Record Examination (GRE) Subject Tests) to apply to their institutions. This is called the master's thesis (or, for Educational Specialist students, the specialist paper). Graduation definition, an act of graduating; the state of being graduated. Many master's and all specialist students will perform research culminating in a paper, presentation, and defense of their research. US universities often also offer competitive support from NIH-funded training programs. [citation needed] Such students may find funding through outside funders such as private foundations, such as the German Marshall Fund or the Social Science Research Council (SSRC). Admission to a doctoral program typically requires a master's degree in a related field, sufficiently high grades, recommendations, samples of writing, a research proposal, and an interview with a prospective supervisor. Info. At the Ph.D. level, though, it is quite common to take courses from a wider range of study, for which some fixed portion of coursework, sometimes known as a residency, is typically required to be taken from outside the department and college of the degree-seeking candidate, to broaden the research abilities of the student. International students often have unique financial difficulties such as high costs to visit their families back home, support of a family not allowed to work due to immigration laws, tuition that is expensive by world standards, and large fees: visa fees by U.S. In some disciplines, doctoral programs can average seven to ten years. In exceptional circumstances, a thesis may be presented in French. Instead, they claim to consider many factors, including past research achievements, the compatibility between the applicant's research interest and that of the faculty, the statement of purpose and the letters of reference, as stated above. One example is the Biotechnology Training Program – University of Virginia. Most faculties require both, with the emphasis on research, and with coursework being directly related to the field of research. Some faculties require candidates to earn sufficient credits in a third or fourth foreign language; for example, most candidates in modern Japanese topics must demonstrate ability in English, Japanese, and Mandarin, while candidates in pre-modern Japanese topics must demonstrate ability in English, Japanese, Classical Chinese, and Classical Japanese language. Some students complete a final culminating project or "capstone" rather than a thesis. The term ‘grad school’ is primarily used in North America, although some universities elsewhere in the world will name their postgraduate departments the ‘graduate school’ of a subject, such as such as the Graduate School of Law or Graduate School of Medicine. School that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. WordSense.eu Dictionary: graduate school - meaning, definition, translations. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. The natural sciences are typically well funded, so that most students can attain either outside or institutional funding, but in the humanities, not all do. Passing such examinations allows the student to stay, begin doctoral research, and rise to the status of a doctoral candidate, while failing usually results in the student leaving the program or re-taking the test after some time has passed (usually a semester or a year). Proper usage and pronunciation in phonetic transcription of the word graduate school. Traditionally, graduate school has been "academic" (centered on generating original research in a particular discipline), but it may be "professional" (centered on developing skills and knowledge for a specific profession), or a combination of both. graduate school - a school in a university offering study leading to degrees beyond the bachelor's degree grad school school - an educational institution; "the school was founded in 1900" Another form of job action is known as "work-to-rule", in which graduate student instructors work exactly as many hours as they are paid for and no more. Meaning of Graduate School. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. [citation needed] Many graduate students feel that teaching takes time that would better be spent on research, and many point out that there is a vicious circle in the academic labor economy. Ph.D. candidates undertaking research must typically complete a thesis, or dissertation, consisting of original research representing a significant contribution to their field, and ranging from two-hundred to five-hundred pages. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. If the government wants graduates to stay in the country they should offer more incentives. In the United States there are many graduate employee unions at public universities. GRAD abbreviation stands for Graduate School. Typically, fellowship recipients, usually not employed by their university, do not participate. It is achieved by a little more than one percent of the population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The average age at which life scientists obtain their first R01 grant to conduct independent research is now 42. Most Ph.D. candidates will be required to sit comprehensive examinations—examinations testing general knowledge in their field of specialization—in their second or third year as a prerequisite to continuing their studies, and must defend their thesis as a final requirement. Examinations of this type are more common in the sciences and some social sciences but relatively unknown in most humanities disciplines. On the other hand, many other institutions often explicitly state that they do not use any sort of cut-offs in terms of GPA or the GRE scores. While the term "graduate school" is typical in the United States and often used elsewhere (e.g., Canada), "postgraduate education" is also used in English-speaking countries (Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, and the UK) to refer to the spectrum of education beyond a bachelor's degree. designate separate graduate versus undergraduate staff and denote other divisions. If these examinations are held orally, they may be known colloquially as "orals." In 2006, a different type of graduate school, termed Graduiertenschule ("graduate school"), was established by the DFG as part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative. graduate (plural graduates) 1. However, because of the teaching requirements, which can be in the research years of the Ph.D., even the best funded universities often do not have funding for humanities or social science students who need to do research elsewhere, whether in the United States or overseas. Such "real-world" experience may typically require a candidate work on a project alone or in a team as a consultant, or consultants, for an outside entity approved or selected by the academic institution and under faculty supervision. Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America) involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. The Association brings together 58 Canadian universities with graduate programs, two national graduate student associations, and the three federal research-granting agencies and organizations having an interest in graduate studies. [5] [16] Moreover, some funding sources (such as many NSF fellowships) may only be awarded to domestic students. While graduate student unions can use the same types of strikes that other unions do, they have also made use of teach-ins, work-ins, marches, rallies, and grade strikes. Admission to graduate school requires a bachelor's degree. 2. This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 19:50. Unlike the American model of graduate schools, only doctoral students participate in a Graduiertenkolleg. For some social science and many humanities disciplines, where graduate students may or may not have studied the discipline at the undergraduate level, these exams will be the first set and be based either on graduate coursework or specific preparatory reading (sometimes up to a year's work in reading). Cambridge Dictionary +Plus Both master's and doctoral programs may be done by coursework or research or a combination of the two, depending on the subject and faculty. MBA students, for example, usually pay tuition and do not have paid teaching or research positions. Some departments may require interviews before making a decision to accept an applicant. The Meaning of Grades in Graduate School Is a "B" in grad school really a "C"? Many universities offer Evening MBA programs where students are able to work full-time while obtaining an MBA through evening classes, which allows them to pay their way through school.[4]. During their studies, doctoral students are enrolled at university while often being employed simultaneously either at the university itself, at a research institute or at a company as a researcher. A graduate student (or grad student) is a student who has earned a Bachelor's degree and is pursuing additional education in a specific field, though this is not always the case. At English-speaking Canadian universities, both master's and Ph.D. theses may be presented in English or in the language of the subject (German for German literature, for example), but if this is the case, an extensive abstract must be also presented in English. The programme is set up for a specific period of time (up to nine years if funded by the DFG). Working in research during doctoral studies is, however, not a formal requirement. These schools have the responsibilities of providing students with a structured doctoral training in a disciplinary field. Funding for Ph.D. students comes from a variety of sources, and many universities waive tuition fees for doctoral candidates (This may also occur for masters students of some universities). 1: of, relating to, or engaged in studies beyond the first or bachelor's degree graduate school a graduate student 2 : holding an academic degree or diploma Other Words from graduate Usage of Graduate … or D.D.S. For example, astronomy degrees take five to six years on average, but observational astronomy degrees take six to seven due to limiting factors of weather, while theoretical astronomy degrees take five. The official English translation of the term Graduiertenkolleg is Research Training Group. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Our instructors were oddly assorted; wandering pioneer school-teachers, stranded ministers of the Gospel, a few enthusiastic young men just out of, In the first part, all four contributors presented their own perspective on the. In some disciplines or universities, graduate applicants may find it best to have at least one recommendation from their research work outside of the college where they earned their bachelor's degree;[citation needed] however, as with previous research experience, this may not be very important in most humanities disciplines. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/graduate+school. Some schools have an intermediate category, passing at the master's level, which allows the student to leave with a master's without having completed a master's dissertation. Graduate degrees in Brazil are called "postgraduate" degrees and can be taken only after undergraduate education has been completed. Information about graduate school in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. [9] In addition, good letters of recommendation from undergraduate instructors are often essential,[10] as strong recommendation letters from mentors or supervisors of undergraduate research experience provide evidence that the applicant can perform research and can handle the rigors of a graduate school education. Research positions are more typical of science disciplines; they are relatively uncommon in humanities disciplines, and where they exist, rarely allow the student to work on their own research. The term "graduate school" is primarily North American. Students often agree, as a condition of acceptance to a programme, not to devote more than twelve hours per week to work or outside interests. or M.B.A.) and Doctoral degrees (Ph.D. or L.L.D. Those attending graduate schools are called "graduate students" (in both American and British English), or often in British English as "postgraduate students" and, colloquially, "postgraduates" and "postgrads". The traditional and most common way of obtaining a doctorate in Germany is by doing so individually under supervision of a single professor (Doktorvater or Doktormutter) without any formal curriculum. Graduate definition: In Britain , a graduate is a person who has successfully completed a degree at a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In addition to an annual conference, the association prepares briefs on issues related to graduate studies including supervision, funding, and professional development. / ˈɡrædʒ.u.ət /. [3] Its mandate is to promote, advance, and foster excellence in graduate education and university research in Canada. The research programme is usually narrowly defined around a specific topic and has an interdisciplinary aspect. 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