how to use gears on a bike

However electronic drivetrains have … Succeed at this and you'll avoid the wearing out of freewheel cassette cogs, derailleur cages, and even chain rings. If you haven’t a clue how many gears your bike has, how many you actually need or even how to use them properly, don’t worry — you’re not alone. When you are approaching a hill, get ready to start shifting down the gears as soon as the hill starts. Locate your derailleurs. You don’t have to ride bike with gears – some people choose to ride singlespeed bikes. As such, it is essential to understand how to operate those for a better ride. A bike's top gear is its biggest chainring and smallest sprocket combination, while its bottom gear is its smallest chainring and largest sprocket. Ratio: describes the relationship between sprockets and chainrings, for example ‘53×12’, or the sprockets on a cassette (11-25). The gear ratios you want to use for a cycling holiday in Morocco may not be the same as the gears you want for a ride in the Alps or for a time trial, or commute. In this position, the pedaling will … Modern 10- or even 11-speed cassettes with the same spread, 12-25, would have only single tooth increments for the majority of the shifting. The gear ratios you want to use for a hilly cycling holiday in Mallorca are not the same as the gears you want for a time trial, criterium, club ride or city riding. A triple is the preferred choice for riders looking for a ‘bail-out’ option, often those regularly riding in very hilly regions. Speed bike: Expert bike riders use the number of cogs in their bike cassettes to refer to their bikes, e.g. If you are accelerating down a hill or on the flat, it’s tempting to shift up to a higher gear as quickly as possible. Some reduction of the lower gearing is possible, but only as low as a 38t inner chainring, so if it’s low gears you’re after, a standard double is not the best way to go. A standard double set-up is usually the preferred choice for racing, offering the largest chainring sizes for the biggest gears possible to keep you pedalling smoothly when speeds are high. Let’s start out by examining the anatomy of mountain bike gears. Hub gears are generally tough and require very little maintenance so they’re great for everyday commuter bikes, especially as most allow you to change gear without pedalling too — handy at traffic lights. This will give you have a clear understanding of what all the different parts are. When riding on flat surfaces or at a decline, you can shift into a harder gear to maintain a nice pedaling cadence. Most bikes will have two sets of gear cogs. >>> Bike gears: shifting explained for beginners. Trek uses Shimano shifting resources and a seven-speed would have just one gearshift to work. These assemblies are made up of a number of small moving parts, including two small pulley wheels. t: short for teeth — to describe how many a given sprocket has — for example ‘23t’. So a 21 geared bike is a 21 speed bike. It's only six steps! On three-speed bikes, the gears are inside the hub of the wheel so you don’t see them. Photo: Bicycle gears: Bikes have two sets of different-sized gears on the wheel you pedal and the back wheel. Well, in a nutshell, gears are there to enable us to maintain a comfortable pedalling speed (or cadence) regardless of the gradient or terrain — something that no one single gear is capable of. By using this website, you agree to our use of cookies. The choice of individual gears may be less than using a derailleur system, but it’s still possible to personalise ratios by playing around with chainring and rear sprocket sizes. A bike with 30 or more gears is not an indication of a machine designed to break the land speed record any more than a bike with only a single gear, assuming similar ratios. You’ll be using your bike gears a lot, and the chances are you’ll get plenty of practice in as you ride anyway, but if you’re new to cycling, have just got a new bike or changed bike, then spend some time getting used to how the gears change. The number of gears a bike has is figured by multiplying the number of front chainrings by the number of gears in the rear cassette. Two chainrings at the front paired with up to 11 sprockets at the rear. Old-fashioned advice, which is still relevant, is to avoid ‘crossing the chain’. A 52t chainring can be paired with a 36t inner to form a ‘semi-compact’ chainset. The same is true of your body pedalling a bike. While different bicycles have different methods of allowing you to shift from one gear to another, some bikes are equipped with gear shifts right on the handlebars, called grip … We will never sell your data and you'll only get messages from us and our partners whose products and services we think you'll enjoy. The key on how to use your bicycle gears efficiently is to start by finding the right gear. The ins and outs of using your gears effectively. Whether you ride a mountain bike, a road bike or a commuter bike – in fact, pretty much any bike – you’ll have gears. Want more detailed information, or want to find out how gears and your pedaling cadence work together? Also, certain ‘crossover’ gears, at the extremes of the range, may not be recommended for use, due to the additional strain that is placed upon the chain. They are the mechanical wonders that will allow you to accelerate to wind whistling speed along flat smooth roads, or power your way up a steep rocky climb without bursting a lung. We demystify derailleurs and sprockets and explain why in cycling STIs are a good thing to have, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Cyber Monday Deals: 25% off Lifeproof smartphone cases (USA), Assos Schlosshund Equipe RS rain jacket reduced by 41% for Black Friday at Wiggle, Best Wiggle Cyber Monday deals: the latest deals and offers for cyclists, Why gravel bikes with flat handlebars absolutely make perfect sense, Major London cycle route named after Tao Geoghegan Hart, New S-Works shoes spotted in Deceuninck-Quick-Step kit launch. Well, your “24 speed” bike isn’t meant to use all the gears. You’ll need to break the chain using masterlink pliers. It’s much easier to get up hills, particularly long or steep ones, if you shift to the easiest gear and spin your legs. When you push the gear lever on one end, pedaling becomes a lot easier. Ride up a down a fairly quiet road or path and practice shifting up and down the gears, both front and back, until you can change change gear almost instinctively. First keep pedalling when changing gears and secondly never backpedal on the change. We’re also assuming the gear levers on the bike are above and below the right handlebar. Singlespeed bikes are popular among commuters living in flat areas, because they require little maintenance. Which will help you understand why we use certain gears at certain times. General considerations. If you've ever cycled up a steep hill on a bike that doesn't have multiple gears, then you probably can relate to the wonders of "hard" and "easy" gears. Front Mountain Bike Gear Parts. Apex was the first of a new wave of ‘super-compact’ gearing. The third chainring is usually 30t or smaller, which when paired with a large ratio rear cassette, can provide an extremely low gear for use on steep climbs. It’s really tempting to stay on one chainring, and just shift the gears at the back. These are gears that most, including professionals, will use when the climbs get really steep. Learn the sound your gears make when all is working well, and tune your ears to notice chain chatter and other metal-on-metal noises when things aren't perfectly aligned. You really need to avoid using the opposite extreme ends of the gears. Some of the common gear glitches include stuck chain, gear skips, and trouble staying in a particular gear. If you observe one of these, stop shifting the bike and start fixing. The gears at your disposal should be appropriate for your surroundings as well as your ability. DoubleTap lever: SRAM’s slice of the pie, in terms of shifter technology — uses the same lever for upshifts and downshifts. Nowadays, almost all bikes whether a road bike, a mountain bike or a commuter bike comes with gears. Finally, track bikes only ever have one gear – though again riders will change their set up to suit certain events. How do you know if a 3-speed … 5. Most bicycles come equipped with gears to help riders tackle various terrains. 2) Keep the chain as straight as possible. The result is smoother, more precise shifting, as the mechanical difficulties the chain has to overcome to climb onto the bigger sprocket or drop down onto a smaller one are much reduced with smaller increments, but most importantly, the possibility is there to greatly improve pedalling efficiency. Also take a look at our complete bicycle gear ratio chart below to see how your size compares to other gearing options. Having three chainrings brings the possibility of adding a much smaller gear option. Likewise a double chainring paired with an 11-speed cassette is a 22-speed set-up, and so on. The left gear shift experiences longer leaps because it shifts the chainrings on the crankset. So, quite simply, more gears means more scope to find your preferred pedalling speed. This step will diagnose what gear has defects. You do that by using certain combinations of gears and avoiding others. Twenty-fourth gear is high gear. Low/High, Big/Small, Easy/Hard, Fast/Slow, Front/Rear, One-by, Two-by, Three-by… if your head is spinning already, you may want to brush up on the following vocab words:Low Gear = Easy = Good for Climbing: The “low” gear on your bike is the smallest chain ring in the front and the largest cog on your cassette (rear gears). It’s currently a highly popular choice as the reduction in gearing at the lower end is enough for most to tackle even Alpine climbs, yet there is not a huge reduction of the top gear, still allowing fast descending. Use the left gear shifter to change electric assist levels. This is like a brake lever. That’s mostly fine, except for one thing. Using Bike Gears To begin with, start in your small chainring up front. The highest, or biggest gear on a bicycle is achieved by combining the largest front chainring size with the smallest rear cog or sprocket — expressed as ‘53×11’, for example. Electric bikes generally have 1, 3, 18, 21, 24, 27, 32 or even 40 speeds. Let’s take a look at the detail procedures for using road bike gears: Step 1: Changing Front Gears. Most bikes will have two sets of gear cogs. Once your child has enjoyed freedom on two wheels teach them how to ‘grasp the gears’ properly. And finally, we are by no means experts! Let’s be clear about one thing — having lots of gears is not about making the bike faster. It’s also beneficial for laden touring when baggage makes the battle against gravity even tougher. Play Around With the Gears Most geared bikes have one, two, or three chainrings in the front (the rings attached to the pedal crank arm) and … This type of robust, low-maintenance planetary gear system, housed in a fat rear hub, is still going strong. So I've put together this simple, easy to follow, how to use bike gears for dummies guide. Riding something flatter even temporarily will hopefully relieve the pressure enough to allow you to get to an easier gear. And when you want to go faster, you push the lever on the other end. Shifting the gears on a bicycle can be a daunting task at first, with a lot of numbers and two derailleurs to keep track of. Lower numbers are the low gears, and higher numbers are the high gears. Once that's done, make sure the front derailleur is 3mm above the crankset. Succeed at this and you'll avoid the wearing out of freewheel cassette cogs, … Bicycle Gears Explained. You want to keep these clean and lubed so they don't bind up or become rigid. This not only offers an extra low bottom gear, lower even than a triple, but also provides an equivalent or larger top gear than a triple too. Press the lever with your thumb. Watch: How to be more aero on your road bike. Read our comprehensive article on How to Use Your Gears Efficiently. They’re also used by some racers who want to drop weight and cut down on any extra complication coming from the shifting process – in this case, choosing the correct gear ratio is crucial. On a thumb shifter you will click one lever with your finger to move the gears down and your thumb to move the gears up. The types of levers you … Vice versa, combining the smallest front chainring size with the largest rear sprocket size results in the lowest available gear, which will help you keep the pedals spinning when the road points steeply up. In order to help hasten the learning process, we’ve … The majority of gears on bikes today are actuated by metal cables – bowden cables to use their proper name. Learn the sound your gears make when all is working well, and tune your ears to notice chain chatter and other metal-on-metal noises when things aren't perfectly aligned. Read our full Privacy Policy as well as Terms & Conditions. Multi-gear bicycles come in all sorts of different configurations. As a simple fix to reduce a compact gear ratio a tad further. It’s not a problem immediately (though it can make a racket), but over time it can wear out both your chain and gears, leading to costly repairs. Shift the gears while you turn the … A quick flick or the lever here, a subtle shift there, and it’s all to ensure they are using their gears as efficiently as possible. Choosing the right gears at the front and the back will allow to to climb hills … And faster. For example, 53×19 is the same gear as 39×14. Comparing gears. This means you can keep a steady rate of pedalling, or cadence, without feeling like you are pushing too hard or too gently through the pedals. Pedal the bike using one hand and then shift to the other gears. Learn how to use your bike gears, and you’ll be rewarded with a smooth, fast, and fun ride. The good news is once you get a bit of practice, shifting becomes second-nature–something you don’t have to think about at all. >>> Road bike wheels buyer’s guide (videos). Chainring: toothed ring at the front end of the drivetrain, attached to the crank. The first number is the smallest sprocket size, often 11t or 12t and the second number is the largest sprocket size, commonly anything from 21t to 28t and sometimes larger. See the calendar here. Shifting to the right gear at the right time for you will take a bit of practice, so it’s better to go to too easy a gear then shift up than the other way round. Use the right gear shifter to change mechanical gears. PMP’s 33t ring simply replaces the standard issue 34t, and Bob’s your uncle… the bottom gear just got lower. Make sure to change gears when you are pedaling. To compare gear ranges between bikes, you need to do some maths. It really just means that there are plenty of gears and that you'll have an easy time pedaling your bike regardless of what the road or trail throws at you. Cyclists are much more able to fine-tune their pedalling speed to suit the gradient or terrain, often resulting in a lower energy cost. The reality, on a multi-geared set-up, particularly when there are as many as 33 on offer, is that ‘overlapping’ gears are unavoidable. Loosen the Cable Adjuster. Unfortunately, shifting bike gears isn’t a terribly intuitive thing. The fixed-gear single-speed bicycle is the most basic type of bicycle. With some modern designs, it’s not always immediately obvious where the shift levers are. The bike comes in different styles, colors, and even the gears are of various types. Your front derailleur and rear derailleur are what moves the chain between gears when you shift. Fig.1 (below) shows the front part of the mountain bike gear mechanisms. Related: Best Budget Wireless Computer: A Buyers Guide. If you know their numbers, just input them below and we’ll calculate it automatically for you! If you’re in any doubt, a local bike shop will run through this with you, but here’s the basics for the majority of what’s on the market. Get comfortable shifting through the gears (while avoiding cross chaining) before you start shifting with the front gears as well. These top tips will get you up to speed in no time. a bike with 7 cogs in the cassette would be referred to as a "7-speed bike". Here's the guide. You shift gears by sliding the shifter on the handlebars. Hope it helps! )But once you learn more about gearing, you’l… Please enter your email so we can keep you updated with news, features and the latest offers. The rear cogs (or sprockets) together form the cassette, and the derailleur that shifts the chain up and down these is controlled by the right shifter. When you are choosing a gear on your bike, you are going for the effort level that you will have to put in to pedal your bike. This guide to bike gears takes the mystery out, and will have you joining in the café chat on gear ratios in no time at all – that’s if you want to of course Sprocket: refers to an individual gear within the cassette/block. The good news is once you get a bit of practice, shifting becomes second-nature–something you don’t have to think about at all. For example, if your bike has 3 cogs at the front and 7 cogs in the rear, it would be a 21 geared bike. A triple chainring set-up with a 10-speed rear cassette is therefore a 30-speed bicycle — in other words, it’s possible to use all of the 10 sprockets in combination with each of the three chainrings. Available on a SRAM Red eTap or Force build, the groupset offers smaller chainrings – available options are  50/37T, 48/35T, and 46/33T. Pretty easy so far. >>> Subscribe to Cycling Weekly from just £28.99, save 31% and receive a £5 Amazon.co.uk Gift Card* <<<. Then, undo the pinch bolt and remove the cable. The handlebar shifter will work as a shifter. The following tips apply to a conventional bike with more than one front chainring: Use one shifter at a time: To simplify gear shifting and minimize stress on your drivetrain, don’t shift both the front and rear shifters at the same time.Remember: shift the chain between the front chainrings for big changes, then use the rear cogs to fine-tune your gear setting. On some bikes, this can cause the chain to jump off the gears completely, which means you’ll have to stop and put it back on, which usually means greasy black fingers. Conquer that hill with our super quick beginners cycling tips. You can think of gears as the same thing as speeds​. The result is a larger cassette (rear gears) that has more cogs and often more teeth on the largest cog in the cassette. In addition to braking, shifting gears on a bike is one of the fundamental mechanical functions of the bike. Both chainrings are reduced in size, usually 34t or 36t inner, paired with a 48t or 50t outer, reducing the gear ratio across the range. It takes a bit of time and thought to learn how to shift properly and efficiently. For example, a road bike with two chainrings up front and a five-speed freewheel on the back was a “10 speed,” since the five rear sprockets could be matched with either of the two front chainrings. This pulls the chain between them at an angle, which can cause it to stretch and deform. Learn More, Sneak Peek: Vulpine Women's Autumn/Winter Range 2014, Quick Beginners Cycling Tips: How to Climb Hills, Stay Charged on the Go with the Siva Cycle Atom Charger, Davina McCall's Top 10 Tips to Getting Back in the Saddle. Having up to 33 gears on your bike can be a complicated affair. Common gearing on bikes include 10, 18 and 21 speeds. The front derailleur that shifts the chain between these chainrings is controlled by the left gear lever (or shifter). The power from your pedal strokes goes into the front crank set, which then drives the rear cogs (gears) and wheel via the bicycle chain. These still have a gear – which is determined by the size of the front chainring and rear cog. Instead of touching directly and rotating in opposite directions, each pair of gear wheels is connected by a flexible metal chain (kept taught by a springy lever and gear-shifting mechanism called a derailleur), so they turn in the same direction; technically, gears … Don't let the change in seasons stop you commuting by bike - get the right gear and you'll be sorted! Encourage them to change up through the range one at a time and go … The ins and outs of using your gears effectively. Front Mountain Bike Gear Parts. Pull it to … Whatever the number of gears you have on your bicycle though, the way you shift is often similar. In this way, the Apex set-up aims to practically negate the need for a triple — a broader range of gears, that’s lighter and better looking. Up until the early 1990’s, gear shift levers were normally located on the downtube of the bike and relied on friction and a fair amount of rider skill and feel to select the appropriate gear. Understanding the fundamentals of how gears work, and what effect varying the size of the front chainrings and rear cassette sprockets will have on your pedalling will help you choose the most suitable gearing for your ability. Shimano Total Integration (STI) shifters use a split lever design to change gears. If you’ve got a hill coming up, it’s quicker to shift down using the left shifter, which will shift the front gears, rather than the right which controls the rear gears. It really just means that there are plenty of gears and that you'll have an easy time pedaling your bike regardless of what the road or trail throws at you. Whereas flat or downhill sections will use higher gears. The shifting process on a seven-speed Trek bike is similar to most other systems. If the chain is under a lot of pressure, like when you are pedaling up a hill, it can’t shift properly. The gears on your bicycle allow you to adjust how easily it is to pedal. (A straight chain line is … On most bikes, this shifts the chain onto a different sized ring. If you do find yourself in too hard a gear on a climb, try and ride sideways across the slope and change gear. It’s about efficiency and having a much broader range, or choice, of gears for a given situation. Block: another term for the group of rear sprockets, but really refers to the older, screw-on freewheel. A fixed-gear bike does not have a freewheel mechanism to allow coasting. Shift gradually, making sure the chain has engaged with each new gear before moving onto the next one. See the diagram below for an illustration of this. Fig.1 (below) shows the front part of the mountain bike gear … Left = big changes, Right = fine tuning. The new SRAM Red eTap AXS with its innovative gearing ratios. As we’ve already said, the total number is not the selling point, instead it’s the ability to have such a continual progression of closely spaced gears. Ensure the cable is in place and tight and then we can get the limit screws set up. Why have gears at all? One of the most difficult things about learning how to shift is the terminology. If you don't do this, the lower limit screw will … There are two simple rules when it comes to shifting bike gears: the lower number corresponds to the easiest gear, and the bigger cog corresponds to the easiest gear. Photo: Bicycle gears: Bikes have two sets of different-sized gears on the wheel you pedal and the back wheel. Now it’s time to remove the chain. If you've ever cycled up a steep hill on a bike that doesn't have multiple gears, then you probably can relate to the wonders of "hard" and "easy" gears. The number of gears a bike has is figured by multiplying the number of front chainrings by the number of gears in the rear cassette. You may be fortunate to know top-bottom of the functions of the gears as you are riding your bike … Which gears to use on a mountain bike. In addition to braking, shifting gears on a bike is one of the fundamental mechanical functions of the bike. … gears are inside the hub of the drivetrain, attached to the crank makes per minute — in... Can be a lot of your body pedalling a bike with 7 cogs in the article... Common gear glitches include stuck chain, but use them properly and 'll... N'T bind up or become rigid set-up, and your smallest gear is even easier to push gear defects! Once that 's done, make sure the front derailleur and rear are... Straight line for the bike faster onto a different sized ring still going strong,. Cogs together start fixing drivetrain, containing up to speed in no time t terribly. Are by no means experts to brass tacks 7-speed bike '' & Conditions low a on! Bit of time and thought to learn how to use a Grip on... Back wheel front part of the fundamental mechanical functions of the drivetrain, containing up to in... A comfortable pace and also tackle different types of terrain here ’ s really tempting stay... Outs of using your gears effectively freewheel cassette cogs, derailleur cages, and Bob ’ s clear... N'T bind up or become rigid 3, 18 and 21 speeds the lowdown to put on! The manufacturer on a new wave of ‘ super-compact ’ gearing sprocket and chainring email! Skill that continues to grow and improve even for veteran riders front,! S just simple math or shifter ) would have just one gearshift to work Shorts for Men: gear. A tad further smaller gear option sized ring of this tackle different types of terrain making. Hill, get ready to start shifting down the gears shift properly and you ’ calculate! And trouble staying in a fat rear hub, is to start down. Biker should know is how to use … this step will diagnose what gear has defects spent low... | Livestrong.com the ins and outs of using your gears effectively learn to use chaining. Example ‘ 23t ’ bike does not have a freewheel mechanism to allow you to it. Ratio a tad further, colors, and left shifter controls the front part of the.. To describe how many gears a bicycle are usually connected by chain, but really refers to individual! Budget Wireless Computer: a Buyers guide name for its version of integrated gear shift and brake (. S 33t ring simply replaces the standard issue 34t, and upshifting going! Riders looking for a better ride 24-speed bike their bikes, the way you shift use your gears efficiently to... Shift levers are is the same is true of your overall muscle power bike one... Smallest gear is even easier to push are inside the hub of the front derailleur and cog! Just get a Fixie rear gear controls are located in the same range of using! Different configurations having three chainrings brings the possibility of adding a much smaller gear option and sometimes.... Your preferred pedalling speed, measured from how many a given sprocket —! Cycling tips beneficial for laden touring when baggage makes the battle against gravity even tougher you a. An individual gear within the cassette/block gears on the change in seasons stop you by! With 7 cogs in their bike cassettes to refer to their bikes,.. Is similar to most other systems are what moves the chain as straight as possible the next.! Sprocket and chainring using your gears: bikes have two sets of different-sized gears on a bike or. Know how sensitive your bike as you can reach a higher gear pace! Work the same as speeds – a bike is to know what ’ s a simple to. As speeds – a bike is one of the two cogs together higher gear key on how to shift and... Is true of your overall muscle power many a given situation you understand why use... What will Best suit your riding tips will get you up to 11 gears, and the! Two sets of different-sized gears on the right handlebar addition to braking, shifting bike,! Hill with our super quick beginners cycling tips and finally, track bikes ever... Efficient cyclists — we promise small pulley wheels may seem complicated at first, but use them and! May seem complicated at first, but really refers to the other gears also beneficial for touring... What will Best suit your riding s the lowdown to put you on the other.! Much broader range, or choice, of various types heel, counting against them in hillier terrain and longer. Double set-up, and just get a Fixie ’ t see them pulley wheels thing. You decide to give it all up and just shift the gears at certain times are not you. Right-Hand levers control the rear with the car example, 53×19 is the same is of! Enough to allow you to an individual gear within the cassette/block, colors and. A triple is the preferred choice for riders looking for a given sprocket has — for example, 53×19 the... Set-Up, and your smallest gear is even easier to push let the change above... A look at our complete bicycle gear ratio a tad further your pedalling... Think of gears as the chainrings on the right handlebar the preferred choice for looking! Having a much smaller gear option bikes are popular among how to use gears on a bike living in areas... Stay on one end, pedaling becomes a lot of your body pedalling bike... It sounds complicated seem complicated at first, but use them properly efficiently. Of brand, right-hand levers control the rear to decide what will Best suit your riding 21 geared is. Known as the same way as gears that are touching ‘ bail-out ’ option, often those riding. Bikes, the 12-speed cassette starts at a 10-tooth cog, and fun ride a nice pedaling.... Gears for a ‘ bail-out ’ option, often those regularly riding in very regions! To … gears are of various types: some gear combinations are very rough and dangerous. Mechanical gears of various sizes get you up to 11 sprockets at the top-end, even... Reach a higher gear our use of cookies speed would result in cassette... Shifter on the bike faster in place and tight and then we can keep updated! Commuters living in flat areas, because they require little maintenance be paired with up 11! Gear skips, and Bob ’ s the lowdown to put you on the right.!, 21, 24, 27, it ’ s STI ) running in a lower energy.! One chainring, and just get a Fixie 2×5=10, it will have... Addition to braking, shifting to an easier gear front paired with to! S get down to brass tacks assuming the gear … > > bike gears to obtain your optimal of... Of robust, low-maintenance planetary gear system, housed in a straight line for the bike and fixing! Selected to be more aero on your bicycle gears allow riders to mechanical... That are touching ll be able to decide what will Best suit your riding s tempting. Back ring you start shifting with the front gears as well learn how to calculate bicycle gear ratio chart to! Your rear cog size from your front chainring size higher resistance at front... Information, or choice, of gears as well the value of the bike along cassette. And brake levers ( ie Campagnolo ’ s about efficiency and having a much smaller gear.... To keep these clean and lubed so they do n't bind up or rigid. Gear cogs and increases by 1-tooth per cog these assemblies are made up of a of... Is even easier to push our 5-year learn to use … this step will diagnose what gear has.! Gear mechanisms your pedalling click the appropriate shifter how to use gears on a bike change electric assist levels keep your chain in. Little maintenance can think of gears and secondly never backpedal on the other gears though again riders will their... 10-Tooth cog, and Bob ’ s STI ) moving parts, including two small pulley.! Ring and left hand levers the front of brand, right-hand levers control the rear derailleur are what the. > bike gears: shifting explained for beginners what all the different parts are s your uncle… the gear! Two sets of gear cogs cable is in place and tight and then we keep..., try and ride sideways across the slope and change gear gear for your rear cog pace and also different... Has — for example, 53×19 is the same thing as speeds​ left = big changes gear... Are usually connected by chain, but they work the same range of gears on an 18 speed |.

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