(E) “that he keep up pressure …. (E) is exactly the same. We have two verbs in parallel in the non-underlined portion of the prompt, “expanded …. Choice (A) is correct! That’s why (C) is the answer. It’s also strange to say “China’s tea production perennially leads the world.” If anything we’d say China perennially leads the world in tea production. (B) Raffaello, artistic principles that would govern the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli This problem includes indefinite pronouns, and those can be tricky. (E) just puts the three details in a row but doesn’t express the logic. None of the other four answer choices execute the parallel structure correctly. The “both X and Y” structure is a standard parallelism frame. The logic is clear. GMAT sentence correction questions can be made easy to solve using the meaning-based approach. Now we’re down to (B) and (E). Eliminating them can’t come before the longbowman or the mud, so this doesn’t work. A common mistake in the use of this word involves the word “in,” such as “ability in doing something.” (A) and (D) make this mistake. (A) acts as a national defense, so that it would block Got a Criminal Record? Furthermore, as with the other verbal question types, it’s important to read critically and use your process of elimination skills. GMAT Club's website has not been reviewed or endorsed by GMAC. Frequently, there are trap answers that use casual, everyday English constructions that are considered to be against proper style. First of all, the GMAT loves the construction “not only X but also Y.” (A) and (B) do this correctly, but (C), (D), and (E) all use the idiom incorrectly. In this question, we say “not … but …” so where should we put the preposition? The trouble is that it doesn’t explain what the relationship between these clauses is. Preparing adequately for Sentence Correction questions can be the most effective way to boost your GMAT Verbal score, so take the time to use a systematic approach to the questions and do as many practice questions as you can to familiarize yourself with the way the test questions are written and the types of errors you will see frequently. subject, verb, pronouns, phrase structure, idioms, logical flow, and so on), and identifying the ‘splits.’. The GMAT doesn’t require any scientific knowledge, but it does require you to infer relationships based on the words they use in the prompt. Choice (D): “prohibit … from … forbid … from” = idiom mistake It’s super wordy and awkward, so cross it off. (D) has two problems. (E) The French infantrymen at the Battle of Agincourt were delayed in their advance by the muddy field, it allowed the English longbowmen to inflict significant damage on them, their numbers were reduced, and the English infantry easily could eliminate those left. The more cautious commanders of the Army of the Potomac, such as George McClellan and George Meade, chose to withdraw after costly battles, but commander Ulysses Grant’s strategy was the keeping up of pressure on Lee’s Confederates even after losing a battle to them, and then he occupied positions between Lee’s army and Richmond to invite another open battle. Admit, Sia (A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting, (A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice(B) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than other graduates who plan on practicing(C) minority graduates are nearly four times as likely as other graduates to plan on practicing(D) it is nearly four times more likely that minority graduates rather than other graduates will plan to practice(E) it is nearly four times as likely for minority graduates than other graduates to plan to practice. Admissions, Ivy The first one is “faster”, a single word, and the second, slightly longer, is “less fuel-efficient.” The general format, therefore, should be After the word command/commanding, the most natural idiom is an infinitive: to command B to do X. While English speakers do use this word to list examples in casual speech, it’s considered an error on the GMAT. This choice is incorrect. Experience the GMAT ® before test day with a realistic practice test. (C) uses the present progressive “is making,” which doesn’t fit here. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool … The incorrect patterns are The first split has to do with the verbs “gives” and “acts.” Parallelism says that these two verbs have to be in the same form. This is incorrect. (C) commanding his men to part, creating channels allowing the elephants simply to pass through, and then to kill However, we emphasize that the correct approach is the one that works best for you. Determine whether the underlined portion of the sentence below is correct or whether it needs to be revised. If (D) sounds a little off to your ear, then well done! GMAT ® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council ® (GMAC ®). (C) having passed laws that protected That doesn’t make any sense, so cross these off. The present participle here acts as a noun modifier, modifying the noun “struggle.” In the meantime, feel free to watch video lessons in your, 10 GMAT Sentence Correction Practice Questions to ace GMAT Verbal, Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear, appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering, include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is, requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice, one arm is lost it quickly replaces it, sometimes by the animal overcompensating and, Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is, Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture, In no other historical sighting did Halley’s comet cause such a worldwide sensation as did its return in 1910-1911. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.C. Choice (C): once outside, once inside = incorrect The employees have respect for each other. Prep, Stacy (C) each one has respect for one another (B) Having had a long difficult struggle leading up to the 1984 Democratic Presidential Primary, Walter Mondale still consolidated the nomination lead, only winning the faster ……, the less fuel-efficient ….. If the plan is approved, there will be fewer teachers. These will be your main focus as you compare the different answer choices to look for the best one (or as is often the case, the least bad!) Each Sentence Correction (SC) question will have a sentence prompt with an underlined portion. Keep in mind, if you don’t see any blatant errors, the issue might be ambiguity or clarity. Grant kept up pressure, and Grant occupied a position. Another rule of thumb is to pick the simpler of two sentences, and (B) is simpler. Differentiate between Concision and Clarity. Choice (A) is the correct answer. To match “charing” is has to be “commanding”, not “to command.” It’s important to note that if it weren’t for parallelism, the use of the infinitive in this context is completely allowed. If we fixed the other mistakes in choice (E), we could rectify this problem by constructing two separate sentences following this layout: “Getting adequate sleep, a full eight hours every night, is important. both need to be in sync for the sentence to be correct). A sentence correction GMAT question will present you with a sentence, part or all of which will be underlined. Once outside, once inside: to both X and to Y. Collective Nouns. This is incorrect. Walter Mondale had a long difficult struggle leading up to the 1984 Democratic Presidential Primary, though he consolidated his lead for the nomination, but he won only 13 electoral votes in the general election. (C) states this correctly. Choice (D): twice inside = correct There’s no comma, so it still sounds like we’re saying that Raffaello did the governing. The word “lie” has to go once on the outside and the preposition “in” has to appear twice inside. Comprehensive Content & Tactical On Demand HD Lessons. Check for Problems with Parallel Construction. It uses an infinitive of purpose, which modifies the verb “passed laws to protect …” The infinitive “to protect” gives the reason why the laws were passed, so this is correct. When in doubt, put the subject of the sentence first. (A) both to prohibit individual physicians from forming financial partnerships with pharmaceutical companies and to forbid the companies to advertise (C) The muddy field delayed the advance of the French infantrymen at the Battle of Agincourt, allowing the English longbowmen to inflict significant damage on them, and because the number of the French infantrymen was reduced, the English infantry easily could eliminate those remaining few “Preventing” is not underlined, so is ‘locked in.’ Whatever is underlined has to match it. You can read about this and other tips here: Top Six GMAT Tips for Sentence Correction. One inside: both to X and Y Our free GMAT Sentence Correction practice test allows you to prepare quickly for your GMAT exam. The post GMAT Sentence Correction with 20 Practice Questions and Answers appeared first on Magoosh GMAT Blog. When we set up a contrast we have to contrast it with something. In (A), China’s fascination is the subject. Reporting a 90 percent drop in net … However, understanding it can be made easy through a meaning-based approach. Here, we are talking about railroad gauge, an inanimate object, which could never “act like” anything. Not X but Y The phrase “where complex sensory responses are to occur” is a problem. (D) Raffaello by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed It has a strange subject (“Neuroscientists’ ability” is clunky), the verb is super far away from the subject, and the verb has an error. You can get access to more Sentence Correction questions and solutions for free here. One split is the “with” phrase vs. the “when” clause at the beginning. (D) “to keep up pressure …. This choice is incorrect. The first split has to do with the pronoun agreement. (C) and (D) both make this mistake. (D) is a good example of how to start a sentence with an appositive phrase that leads up to the subject of the sentence. Choice (B) takes a different approach that is still correct. (C) will lie in not their First of all, we are comparing Hannibal’s vs. Scipio’s approaches. (A) uses the pronoun “this” to refer to an action, the delaying of the French infantryman. + full verb = a failure of parallelism. To do this properly, we need a word that encapsulates or captures the preceding phrase. The first is grammar, the proper grammar rules for formal, academic English. (A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but Not only X but also Y. (A) if it is approved by the governor, would make there be fewer teachers Mastering Sentence Correction can go a long way toward getting a great score on the verbal section of the GMAT. Choice (A) doesn’t work because it uses the pronoun “it.” We don’t need a pronoun here. (E) they and the others respect each other. Those four animals are examples of even-toed ungulates, the way that salmon and trout are both types of fish. (D) both to prohibit individual physicians from forming financial partnerships with pharmaceutical companies and to forbid the companies from advertising Take a look at Ram’s story (GMAT 730, V41) where he explains how he reduced the time to solve from 3-4 minutes to less than 1.5 minutes. You can see that the sentence has a long absolute phrase, then the noun “Walter Mondale,” then a participial modifier, but this noun has no verb before the word “but” starts the second independent clause. (C) that it violated state laws allowing (B) ABecause the muddy field delayed the advance of the French infantrymen at the Battle of Agincourt, the English longbowmen could inflict significant damage on them, and, their numbers reduced, the English infantry easily had been able to eliminate them Choice (E) violates the parallelism, so that’s even worse! That’ll be around 15 questions. We need a phrase like “each other” or “one another.” That’s how you refer to both people in a two-person interaction without specifically referring to them. Plenty of different grammar and style rule violations, problems with the structure and logical flow, and some examples of issues with idioms and phrasing. We are the most reviewed GMAT prep company on gmatclub with more than 2000 reviews. (D) A long difficult struggle leading up to the 1984 Democratic Presidential Primary, Walter Mondale, consolidating his lead for the nomination, but he won only If you answered incorrectly, where did you go wrong. Which of these three is the author of this sentence arguing accounts for the oversight? These two actions need to be in parallel as well. (A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, (A) Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering(B) Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ended shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber(C) Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and that ends shortly before Emily’s death in 1886 and outnumbering(D) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother, ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, and outnumbering(E) Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber, (A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is. 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