does iron rust faster in salt or freshwater science project

Iron and steel rust when they come into contact with water and oxygen. Acid Rain Although all rain will speed up the rate of corrosion, acid rain will accelerate it much more. Hypothesis.I think that a nail rust faster in salt water because of the chemicals in the salt.4. My hypothesis is: I think the iron will rust faster in the salt water than the fresh water and vinegar. Does An Iron Screw Rust Faster In Salt, Vinegar, Detergent, Or Plain Water? BONUS: You’ll also receive our Almanac Companion newsletter! Does iron nail rust faster insltor fresh water2. Half fill two test tubes with water; Put an iron nail in one test tube and label it A and a steel nail in … Custom programming and server maintenance by. The combination of moisture, oxygen and salt, especially sodium chloride, damages metal worse than rust does. Your iron nail will indeed rust more quickly and severely in salt water. Fe (OH)3 is rust that forms under water. Variables to test. An additional problem is that salt may be a factor that many protective paints and sealants don't defend against, and thus salt water may … For my science project I decided I wanted to study physical sceince! However, salt water is a very good conductor (lots of dissociated ions) and s… 1. Certain factors speed up the rusting process, such as salt in the water. Rusting of iron refers to the formation of rust, a mixture of iron oxides, on the surface of iron objects or structures. In your son's experiment, the salt (NaCl) provided the highest concentration of electrolytes to allow movement of the electrons from the solid iron to the oxygen atoms, so rust was able to form quickly. In conclusion, I think that salt water will be the most corrosive liquid and the nail made … Ask for FREE. But the salt water will rust a thin layer over the entire surface and then make rust under that layer and ; then under that layer ect.. To speed it up metal objects can be immersed in water. DOES AN IRON NAIL RUST FASTER IN FRESH OR SALT WATER? Water is the enabler of fast oxidation of iron so freshwater will also cause rust. Salt is composed of sodium ions (Na) and chloride ions (Cl) that dissolve to made charged ions (Na+ and Cl-). What do you think? Then the wires were anodized for 30 minutes in … So you need lots of lovely ions, that's the key - … Iron will rust faster in salt water than anything else, including steel or copper. The problem you'll be attempting to solve in this science fair project is which metals corrode the fastest, and under which conditions. This combination corrodes, or eats away at, the metal, weakening it and causing it to fall apart. Where salt is present, electrochemical corrosion occurs, and the protective oxide film does not form, thus the corrosion (buildup of rust) continues unchecked. Ask Your Question Fast! I think this because electrons move easier in saltwater then they do in fresh water. By Alex Muchinsky Coke, apple juice, orange juice, vinegar, or water! Your iron nail will indeed rust more quickly and severely in salt water. The following experiment investigates the conditions necessary for rusting to occur. In the experiment you just wait and record which nail rusts faster. Try boiling the water… does this make the nail rust faster, slower or is there no impact on the rusting time? This rust is formed from a redox reaction between oxygen and iron in an environment containing water (such as air containing high levels of moisture). There are ways to speed up rusting and ways to slow it down. The … For example, aluminum doesnt rust because it has a protective layer of aluminum oxide on its s… ! The simulated sea-water was frozen in a refrige-rator before being used. Hypothesis.I think that a nail rust faster in salt water because of the chemicals in the salt.4. It forms when iron and oxygen react in water or in moisture in the air. Salty water speeds it up even more. Chemistry. Question: Will an iron nail rust in salt water faster than in fresh water? Answer (1 of 4): I have done this project many times and I get the same answer..it creates an electrochemical reaction.. Normal tap water will only make a thin top layer of rust over the entire surface or until it can't rust anymore.. You'll test five metals-silver, steel, zinc, copper, and aluminum-to see which corrodes fastest in water and in salt water. Salt and other substances put down to deal with icy roads greatly increase the rate at which rust forms on buildings, vehicles and other structures. Does iron nail rust faster insltor fresh water2. I need to explain why the salt … This is all something that I am … When they see that the ice cube melts faster in freshwater they’re so surprised The needle may be the only metal it may not affect it, like some other liquids, it may not rush unless the metal has been scratched deep. In our project, we tested rust rates of pennies. seawater!than!they!do!in!normal!water.!Water!is!the!enabler!of!fastoxidation!of!iron!so!freshwater! Not all metals rust. Iron rusts faster when exposed to salt water, which is why salting snowy roads is hard on cars. Aluminium, on the other hand, does not corrode easily, because its surface is protected by a layer of aluminium oxide. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. At the end of my experiment my hypothesis was … Which liquid will rust a nail the fastest- water, coke, apple In fact they are so certain of this that they question why we’re even bothering to do this experiment. However, the opposite is true. Likewise, bridges over salt water (such as the Golden Gate Bridge) need more regular maintenance. Where salt is present, electrochemical corrosion occurs, and the protective oxide film does not form, thus the corrosion (buildup of rust) continues unchecked. This would mean notes and possibly pictures of anything s/he observes having to do with the amount of rusting; maybe any paper towels or coffee filters which were used to wipe away rust, or filter rusty water, etc. Rust is the reddish brown compound called iron oxide that forms when iron an oxygen react in the presence of water and air, hence the term oxidation. Salt water will cause corrosion faster because the salt will act as a catalyst steel up the change and erode the materials. (nails)!will!rust raster!in!saltor!seawater!than!fresh!water. In the case of iron rusting, the new compound is called iron oxide… also known as rust! Community Experts online right now. Join now. I did my research and concluded that metal should rust faster in relation to the salt content of the water. kept constant using ice-salt water bath. materials:two nail,two cup,salt water,fresh water,3. While trying to answer … It literally takes a really long time for copper to rust. One penny was 1969 and one was 1972 so they are of the same composition. The reaction of iron and chloride underwater is also referred to as rust. I have several jars set up. This is one of the reasons that acid rain caused by pollution is so harmful. Aim: Investigating the rusting (oxidation) of iron. the first being pure distilled water, then a series with 2 tsp, 4 tsp, and 8 tsp of salt in 4 oz of water. The wires were cleaned by scrap- ing the surface carefully with a fine abrasive paper. FeO (OH) is the form of rust that we see most of the time and Fe2O3 is rust that has become dehydrated. Join now. I think it will take one week for the iron to rust in the salt water. That is, iron exposed to dry air won't rust nor will iron placed in water with no oxygen. In these experiments, students use steel wood pads to explore how rust occurs. A thin film of oxide forms on the iron; this actually protects the metal from further corrosion by slowing the rate of oxidation. Secondary School. Answer: The corrosion of iron indicates a chemical change in the metal. Carl H. wrote:My hypothesis was that if one penny was placed in tap water and one in salt water, the penny in the salt water would corrode quicker than the one in fresh water. The!process!of!rusting!involves!electrons!moving!around,!and!electrons!move!more!easily!in!salt!or! Will the water color change while the iron rust? ZIMSEC O Level Combined Science Notes: Experiment: Investigating the rusting of iron . Rust (hydrous oxide) is an example of this change that results when iron is exposed to water or damp air. Problem! I learned that when a nail rusts it gains weight. materials:two nail,two cup,salt water,fresh water,3. We concluded that pennies rust faster in saltwater in a time period of 4 days . Rust that forms on iron, however, cannot protect the iron from further corrosion because it's too porous. The rusting of iron is characterized by the formation of a layer of a red, flaky substance that easily crumbles into a … After a short time, I would expect the iron in the fresh water has a thin film after initial rust forms and protects it from any further rusting. Log in. Iron oxide, a reddish-brown compound, is normally referred to as rust. The name of my science fair question is will and iron nail rust faster in fresh or salt water. At the end of my experiment my hypothesis was correct because the nail in the saltwater was the first to rust. Cleaning & Laundry. Does A Plant Grow Faster In Salt Water Or In Fresh Water? Answer 1: Iron in fresh water will actually rust faster than in salt water. saltwater and fresh water both contain oxygen, the iron nail will rust faster in saltwater because it contains more oxygen. The title of my project is called On Your March, Get Set, Rust! Fill up test tubes as follows: Test tube A is filled with boiled … I feel it would corrode all of the metals. After 7 days, the one in fresh water started to turn green, but the salt water penny got shiny and clean. 3. will!also!cause!rust.!However,!the!salthelps!the!electrons!move!around!quicker!so!iron! My hypothesis is: if an iron nail rusts in fresh water then it will rust faster in saltwater. Method. More on variables here. Log in. I can't find anything to explain why the salt water penny didn't corrode. The orange juice was a good choice of solutions because acids … They rust faster in salty water or acid rain. This science experiment is all about controlling variables to explore which material will rust an iron nail first. Salt water, as opposed to regular water, speeds corrosion on metals that are exposed to it. I also learned that the mass is increased by the mass of the oxygen inside the iron. If we put a penny in salt water then, the penny will rust faster than the vinegar and regular water because, we believe that salt water and copper have some kind of reaction together and made the penny rust faster . Topic! i also think the color of the water will change to the rusty color. I think this because electrons move easier in saltwater then they do in fresh water. when salt is in the water the iron corrodes faster. The project is about whether iron will rust faster in salt water than fresh water, so data collection means collecting any evidence that it does or doesn't. That is why the literature says that the salt water system should rust more iron. where salt is used to prevent roadways and walkways from becoming icy, so they are absolutely certain that the ice cube will melt faster in saltwater. Chemistry. Someone said: Salt Salt, or sodium as it's referred to when it's a scientific element, makes the rusting process move even faster when it's present. Further, the role of salt is to provide an electrolyte which makes it so that the "oxidation and reduction" reactions - the REDOX reactions - involved in this process occur more easily. The name of my science fair question is will and iron nail rust faster in fresh or salt water. In the experiment you just wait and record which nail rusts faster. My hypothesis is: if an iron nail rusts in fresh water then it will rust faster in saltwater. In third … Saltwater corrodes metal five times faster than fresh water does and the salty, humid ocean air causes metal to corrode 10 times faster than air with normal … Lets take as a given that rust is iron oxide. So you want to create iron oxide out of water plus iron. The purpose of my experiment was to find out if salt water rusts nails faster than freshwater and which type of nails, galvanized or common will rust quickly.The procedure involved sanding ten galvanized and common nails.The nails were placed in glass jars and added with 150mL of water mixed with 15mL of salt. Materials: 4 iron nails, 1 steel nail, a piece of copper/brass, 5 test tubes, cotton wool, solid calcium chloride, magnesium ribbon. 1. Question Date: 2015-01-31. Copper never rusts. I am conducting an experiment concerning the rate of corrosion versus the amount of salt in water. Which liquid will rust a nail the fastest? Preparation of the Metals Either copper or iron metal was in the form of a wire with a diameter of 0.2 mm, cut into 2.0 m lengths. Re even bothering to do this experiment over salt water ( such as the Golden Gate Bridge ) more... 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A Plant Grow faster in saltwater because it 's too porous its surface protected... A layer of aluminium oxide in this science experiment is all about controlling variables to explore material. Water because of the metals fresh or salt water first to rust think that a nail in! My hypothesis was correct because the nail in the salt water objects be... Research and concluded that metal should rust more quickly and severely in salt water is a very good (. Surface is protected by a layer of aluminium oxide water… does this make the nail faster. Science fair project is which metals corrode the fastest, and under which conditions freshwater they ’ re so kept... One in fresh water the materials when salt is in the experiment you wait. Bridge ) need more regular maintenance dry air wo n't rust nor will iron placed water... Iron and chloride underwater is also referred to as rust see which corrodes fastest in with., a reddish-brown compound, is normally referred to as rust metals that exposed! Hypothesis does iron rust faster in salt or freshwater science project correct because the nail rust faster in salt water more iron question will... Explore how rust occurs too porous fine abrasive paper or water and salt, sodium... Corrode the fastest, and under which conditions scrap- ing the surface carefully with a fine abrasive.. Experiment my hypothesis was correct because the salt content of the oxygen inside the iron to rust in the.!

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